Everybody needs to understand what skin type they have. It helps people to treat and react correctly to the needs their skin has and solve problems much easily and efficiently. Imagine trying to take care of your skin while you have no idea what skin type you have. You will end up using the wrong products and make everything worse.
Our skin is the largest organ we have, and taking good care of it is as important as taking care of our heart or lungs. Additionally, what makes the skin issues even more important is the fact that we always see it. For most people, a few even a few breakouts may result in a lack of confidence.
What skin type we have is generally determined by genetics. Although certain environmental factors, habits, as well as hormonal changes, can result in our skin shifting from dry to oily, or vice versa.
The Three Main Skin Types
There are three main skin types – dry, normal/combination and oily. If you want to define what skin type you have, it is essential to get acquainted with the characteristics each of them has.
Having enough knowledge about your oily T-zone and dry cheeks will help you to choose not only fitting skincare items but also makeup products designed specifically for people that have a certain skin type.
People who have dry skin usually have dry patches and experience flaking. The skin looks like moisture-less and dull. The reason for having this type of skin is that sebaceous glands do not produce enough sebum. Sebum is the natural moisturizer our skin produces.
Dryness may be a result of not only genetics but also not sufficient water intake. Environmental factors, such as wind and cold, may also result in dry skin. People with other skin types may also experience dryness because of environmental factors, but it will not be as severe.
Dry skin is more vulnerable to external influences. The problem is that it has an insufficient amount of lipids, which results in the absence of a strong outer layer.
People with dry skin should choose products that contain hyaluronic acid, glycerin, etc.
Normal or combination skin is also referred to as balanced skin. In this case, the sebaceous glands produce enough sebum, and the skin is able to retain moisture and keep itself reasonably hydrated.
The name combination skin implies that a person has two skin types combined on one face. Usually, there are oilier T-zone and dry cheeks. But neither the oiliness nor dryness are excessive.
The main problem that normal/combination skin people encounter is keeping their skin balanced. For this reason, it is necessary to exfoliate the skin two to three times a week gently. Then apply a moisturizer that is not too heavy, but still robust enough to nourish slightly dry cheeks.
Oily skin people are both blessed and cursed. It is a blessing that they look much younger throughout the years, as their always-moisturized skin does not lack elasticity. They get fewer wrinkles and get them later in life. But the problem is that the excessive amount of sebum that the glands produce clogs pores and causes breakouts.
Oily skin is also prone to pigmentation. To get rid of dark acne spots, as well as control the oil production, it is recommended by dermatologists to use daily exfoliators. One thing to take into consideration is that they should be as little aggressive as possible. Exfoliating on a regular basis will not only help to get rid of dark spots much quickly, but it will also remove the oils that have clogged up the pores, thus resulting in a smoother and more texture-free skin.
There are two methods that will help you to identify your skin type successfully. You can do this on your own and at home.
The Bare-Faced Method
The bare-faced method is the easiest way you can find out what skin type you have. All you have to do is wash your face with a gentle cleanser and pat dry it. Then, wait for half an hour. After 30 minutes, take a mirror and try to examine your whole face closely. See whether your chin, nose and forehead look shiny or not. Wait for another half an hour to see how your skin feels. If it feels tight and gives you a feeling of discomfort around your mouth and forehead, you most likely have dry skin. If after the additional 30-minute wait time your T-zone has got even shinier, you have oily skin. And finally, if your skin is a bit oily on the T-zone and feels normal on the parameter of your face, it means your skin type is the combination.
Blotting Sheet Method
Determining what skin type you have with a blotting sheet is very easy. All you need to do is to get some blotting paper and press it on different parts of your face. Then, hold it against the light to be able to tell how much oil has the sheet absorbed.If it is very little or no oil at all, then you have dry skin. If the blotting paper is all covered in oil, then you most likely have oily skin. In case the blotting paper absorbs oil only from your chin, nose and forehead, then you probably have well-balanced combination skin.